Sunday, June 28, 2009


Multiple myeloma also known as MM, myeloma, plasma cell myeloma, or as Kahler's disease is a cancer of plasma cells. These immune cells are formed in bone marrow, are numerous in lymphatics and produce antibodies. Myeloma is incurable, but remissions may be induced with steroids, chemotherapy, thalidomide and stem cell transplants. Median survival is 3 years, but the introduction of novel treatments in the last decade have improved this prognosis to 50–55 months. Chromosome diagnosis can separate patients into more or less favorable prognoses. Myeloma is part of the broad group of diseases called hematological malignancies.

Hypercalcaemia is an elevated calcium level in the blood. It can be an asymptomatic laboratory finding, but because an elevated calcium level is often indicative of other diseases, a diagnosis should be undertaken if it persists. It can be due to excessive skeletal calcium release, increased intestinal calcium absorption, or decreased renal calcium excretion.


btw, i passed the driving test. not much of a news anyway considering the fact that my dad probably had not improve so well. i can deal with hypercalcaemia, but certainly push aside the possibility of getting multiple myeloma case.

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